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The Ultimate Holiday Wine Guide for All Wine Enthusiasts!

Today, We'll share with you some of the most exquisite wine grape types. When it comes to creating the perfect wine bottle, the grape variety or grape blend utilized is crucial. It is the primary factor that determines the unique flavor and quality of each sip. Let's take a deeper look at the delectable wines that pair well with meats, fish, desserts, and fruits.

Varieties of Wine Grapes

The most essential aspect determining the style and quality of the wine produced is the grape type used in winemaking or the grape types mixed. Wine grapes are sub-varieties of the Vitis Vinifera vine family. Vitis Vinifera is a plant family that originated in the Caucasus, Anatolia, and Mesopotamia. This vine family includes grapes such as Kalecik Karası and Shiraz. Although there are hundreds of grape types that can be used for winemaking, just a few have achieved international acclaim.

White and Black Grape Varieties:

Types of White Grape

  • Sauvignon Blanc Chardonnay
  • Riesling, Pinot Grigio
  • Varieties of Black Grape
  • Cabernet Sauvignon is a type of red wine.
  • Merlot
  • Pinot Noir (Pinot Noir)
  • Syrah/Shiraz

Vineyards with grapevine and winery

General Characteristics of the Chardonnay Grape

One of the noble grapes is Chardonnay, the queen of white grapes. It has subtle mineral distinctions due to the delicateness of its fruit, scents from oak and yeast, and the soil qualities in which it grows. Chardonnay is a unique variety of white grapes. Because it can produce appealing wines in both cold (Chablis) and warm (Provence) climates. (Central Valley in California). However, the fruit flavors it conveys vary greatly depending on where it grows. It may have scents of green fruit (apple, pear) and citrus, as well as vegetable notes, in colder locations such as Chablis. (cucumber). Wines from temperate climates, such as most of Burgundy and some New World regions, can feature citrus, melon, and stone fruit (peach) characteristics. Tropical fruit flavors (peach, banana, pineapple, even mango and fig) may be more prevalent in warm places such as the majority of the New World.

General Characteristics of Sauvignon Blanc Grapes

Sauvignon Blanc is a fragrant white grape variety. Green fruit and herbal aromas (gooseberry, elderflower, green bell pepper, and asparagus) dominate the wines. They are often high in acidity, medium in body, and virtually invariably dry. Although Sauvignon Blanc may be cultivated in a temperate region, it requires a chilly climate to develop herbal flavors. Temperate area wines, on the other hand, lack the strong and harsh, vegetal character of great cold region wines. Because fresh fruit aromas are the primary component of the style employed, most Monosepage Sauvignons do not contain oak characteristics. Temperate locations provide oak-aged specimens with scents of incense and spices. (vanilla, liquorice).

Many monoseparated Sauvignons are not matured in the bottle since they soon lose their freshness as they age. Most quality Bordeaux white wines are a combination of Sémillon and Sauvignon Blanc, with Sémillon dominating. Sauvignon is a fruity wine that does not ripen well on its own. The use of sémillon aids in the preservation of fruit qualities and the development of a richer wine in the bottle, giving it body. Sauvignon Blanc from New Zealand, as well as Sancerre and Pouilly Fumé from France, are among the most popular wines made from the Sauvignon Blanc grape.

General Characteristics of Pinot Grigio

Pinot Grigio is a popular wine grape variety with a light body and high acidity ratio, as well as notes of peach and lemon. Typically, Pinot Grigio wines are dry. To keep their fruity aroma, they are typically fermented in steel tanks rather than oak barrels. In Italy, it is known as Pinot Grigio, and in France, it is known as Pinot Gris. Pinot Gris is primarily created in the Alsace area of France from extra-ripe grapes gathered in the late vineyard harvest. Acidity is normally moderate at this time, and the grapes have both sugar ripeness and flavor depth.

These wines are typically medium to full-bodied, with characteristics of peach, mango, and ginger that can develop honey notes in the bottle. And, despite its reputation as a white wine, Pinot Grigio grapes are actually extremely pink, and this grape is also used to make pink wine.

General Characteristics of Riesling

Riesling has a particular fruit flavor that is independent of where the grapes are grown or how they are processed. (dry, medium, sweet). Different soil types and maturation stages, on the other hand, highlight different characteristics of this plant. Riesling is a flavorful white grape. In contrast to the herbaceous characteristics of Sauvignon Blanc, it is fruity and floral. If the grapes are harvested while ripe (not overripe) in cold climates, the wines feature green fruit flavors (green apple, grape), flowery flavors, and occasionally citrus (lemon, lime) flavors.

Citrus and stone fruit flavors (peach, apricot) become more dominant in temperate locations, and some wines may have expressed lime or peach smells. Riesling is suited for late harvest, dry, and bright autumn circumstances since sugar is generated slowly in this grape variety and retains its acidity level. Flavors of seeds and tropical fruits are possible. (peach, apricot, pineapple, mango). Late-harvest wines can be dry, medium, or sweet. Riesling is vulnerable to noble mold (see Question Noble mold), which concentrates the sugar and acidity, making it excellent for wonderful dessert wines.

Varieties of Black Grape

General Characteristics of Cabernet Sauvignon Grape

Cabernet Sauvignon is a black grape variety that produces wines with a dark color, intense tannins and acidity, and powerful scents. Aromas of black fruit (black currant (cassis), black cherry) and herbs are common. (bell pepper, mint, cedar). wood is frequently used to soften tannins and provide wood notes to fine wines. (incense, vanilla, coffee). Cabernet Sauvignon prefers a warm or hot temperature; it will not ripen in cold locations or cold years. Because of disagreeable botanical tastes, wines derived from young Cabernet Sauvignon grapes can be harsh and astringent. Warmer climate wines have bigger bodies, softer tannins, richer black cherry flavors, and less herbaceous character.

Cabernet Sauvignon is a strain excellent for generating beautifully aging wines because to its rich fruit flavors, high tannin, and acidity levels. Merlot is frequently blended with Cabernet Sauvignon to provide a more approachable wine since it lends softness and body to a harsh wine. Cabernet Sauvignon is also frequently added to enhance the tannin, acidity, and fruit flavors of Merlot. The classic region for this mixing is Bordeaux, although it can also be found in a few New World wines, though it is not indicated on the labels.

General Characteristics of Merlot Grape

Merlot is a type of black grape. It produces wines with lighter aromas, lower tannins and acidity, and higher body and alcohol levels than Cabernet Sauvignon. There are two types of flavors that emerge depending on the ripeness of the grapes. Wines created from grapes cultivated in warm areas or well-ripened grapes planted in temperate climates have black fruit (blackberry, black plum, black cherry) characteristics, are full-bodied, medium or low acidity, high alcohol, and fairly soft tannins in the popular worldwide style.

Some well-ripened specimens include fruitcake and chocolate flavors. Another, more unusual form, found in temperate or colder climates, may contain red fruit flavors (strawberry, redberry, plum), some vegetal elements (cedar), and higher tannin and acidity. The best Merlot wines, like Cabernet Sauvignon, are frequently matured in wood to create spice and oak characteristics. (vanilla, coffee). Cabernet Sauvignon is frequently added to enhance the tannin, acidity, and fruit flavors of Merlot. The archetypal region for this mixing is Bordeaux, although it is also possible to find it in a small number of New World wines, even if it is not stated on the label.

Italian antipasti wine snacks set

General Characteristics of Pinot Noir Grape

Pinot Noir is a black grape type with thin skin. This grape produces wines with little tannin and strong acidity. They are typically straight and light in build. It features scents of red fruit (strawberry, red cherry, raspberry) and vanilla and clove flavors since it is sometimes aged in oak barrels. Pinot Noir is the primary black grape in New Zealand and is used to make red Burgundy wine. When making red wine, Pinot Noir is rarely mixed with other grape varieties. It can also be blended with Chardonnay to make Champagne (Champagne). A cool and temperate climate is required to generate high-quality products. Grapes may lose their fresh fruit flavor and have an unpleasant cooked taste if growth circumstances are too hot.

General Characteristics of Syrah/Shiraz Grape

In France, it is called as Syrah, and in Australia, it is known as Shiraz. It produces dry wines with a medium to full body, a high tannin ratio, and a medium acidity. Spicy (black pepper, licorice) and black berry scents are typical. (blackberry, black cherry). Many are matured in oak barrels to give the wine a vanilla or coconut flavor. Wines from France’s Northern Rhône area are medium-bodied with scents of fresh black fruit (blackberry) and pepper. Aromas of luscious black fruit (black cherry) and licorice dominate full-bodied Shiraz wines produced in temperate regions of Australia.

For your lunches, dinners, and sunset chillouts, we have carefully selected gourmet wines pairs best with meat meals, fish and seafood, desserts, and fruits, which you can add to your order list.

”2019 UMURBEY RESERVE” has flavor notes of cherry, raspberry, and vanilla. Structured, tannic, thick, and long-lasting in the mouth. The aftertaste has pomegranate and licorice flavors. It was aged in oak barrels for 12 months. This wine should be given 30 minutes of ventilation in a carafe. It pairs best with red meats with mushroom sauce, beef entrecote, and oven-roasted lamb leg.

”2021 UMURBEY CABERNET SAUVIGNON” has flavor notes of blackberry, green pepper, and red plum. It has a balanced, and permanent body in the mouth. It pairs best with red meat like Veal cutlet, T-bone steak, and lamb cage.

”2020 UMURBEY MERLOT” has flavor notes of blueberry, black cherry, and blackberry. It has a round, full body, beautiful tannin, and is fruity and lingering in the mouth. It pairs best with beef ribeye, tenderloin, lamb chop, and lamb shank.

”2020 UMURBEY CABERNET SAUVIGNON MERLOT” has flavor notes of black cherry, blackberry, and green pepper. It’s spicy, full-bodied, well-balanced, and elegant in the mouth. It pairs best with entrecote, tenderloin, lamb cage, and lamb leg.

‘2021 UMURBEY FUME BLANC” has flavor notes of boxwood, vanilla, and melon. It’s full-bodied, energetic, and lingers in the mouth. It was aged in oak barrels for 6 months. It pairs best with smoked salmon, shrimp stew, calamari, sushi, and octopus.

”2021 UMURBEY SAUVIGNON BLANC” has flavor notes of pineapple, mango, lemon, and asparagus. It has a bright, fresh, fruity flavor that lingers in the mouth. It pairs best with seafood and fish.

”2020 UMURBEY SAUVIGNON BLANC & SEMILLION” has flavor notes of lemon, pineapple, and apple. It has a vibrant, round, and substantial mouthfeel. It pairs best with seafood and fish.

”2020 UMURBEY BLEND SAUVIGNON BLANC & CHARDONNAY” has flavor notes of apple, melon, pineapple, and lemon. It has a vibrant mouthfeel, is full-bodied, and finishes fruity. It pairs best with appetizers like shrimp, fish, and grilled chicken, and Mediterranean appetizers with olive oil.

”2021 UMURBEY BLUSH SHIRAZ” has flavor notes of strawberry, red apple, and cherry. It has a vibrant, fresh, fruity, and lengthy finish in the mouth. It pairs best with fish, pizza, and pasta dishes.

”2020 UMURBEY BLEND CABERNET SAUVIGNON & MERLOT” has flavor notes of black mulberry and blackberry. It has a rich mouthfeel, delicate tannin, and a fruity aftertaste. It pairs best with grilled and sauced meats and pasta dishes.

To keep you entertained while you dine, we’ve created a Spotify playlist of awesome songs. Hope you enjoy it.

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